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Respiratory Tract Infection- Types, Symptoms, Home Remedies

From the common cold and influenza to tuberculosis and pneumonia in the lungs, respiratory tract diseases are a collection of the most prevalent, widespread illnesses; some of them may result in serious and even life-threatening health issues. The importance of acute respiratory infections in developing nations like India is highlighted by the fact that they are a leading cause of illness and death in children. Diseases of the respiratory tract include conditions that affect the lungs, bronchi, and nasal passages, which are all parts of the respiratory system. They include chronic diseases like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease as well as acute infections like pneumonia and bronchitis.

The respiratory tract infection can be divided into two types:

  1. Upper respiratory tract infections
  2. Lower respiratory tract infections


Infections of the upper respiratory tract affect the nose, sinuses, pharynx, larynx, and major airways causing the common cold, sore throat (pharyngitis), sinus infection (sinusitis), epiglottitis, and laryngitis. 87.5% of all episodes of infection were upper respiratory tract infections, such as sore throat, infection of the tonsil, and nasopharyngitis. Therefore, acute respiratory infections are a serious issue in children, and upper respiratory infections account for the majority of these infections.

  • Causes:

Upper respiratory tract infections can be caused by a variety of viruses and bacteria. These infections are acquired when in close contact with an infected person, having medical problems such as asthma, and immunocompromised patients including those with HIV, under steroid therapy due to organ transplantation. Another common risk factor is smoking.

  • What are the symptoms?

Sneezing, cough, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, fever, headache, muscle aches, and a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or unease.

  • How do avoid these infections?

Wash your hands frequently, especially before eating or preparing food as part of excellent hygiene. Cough and sneeze into your arm or a tissue, then wash your hands. Avoid making touch with sick people. Drink a lot of water. Get adequate rest and give up smoking.



The windpipe, big and small airways, and air sacs of the lungs make up the lower respiratory tract. The lower respiratory system plays a crucial role in the blood’s ability to receive oxygen. The lower respiratory tract may contract viruses and occasionally bacteria during the winter months. Several distinct lower respiratory illnesses are caused as a result of this. Lower respiratory tract infections are a long-lasting and widespread health issue that places a heavy strain on society. The lungs and airways are both impacted by a lower respiratory illness. These illnesses include bronchitis, which affects the lungs and results in fever and coughing, bronchiolitis, which primarily affects young children, chest infections, and pneumonia.

  • Causes:

When it comes to severe lower respiratory tract infections, both viral and bacterial pathogens are important. In lower respiratory tract infections, the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lung tissue are all irritated and reddened. Compared to young individuals, older persons are more likely to get lower respiratory tract infections. The occurrence of lower respiratory tract infections in the aged population is associated with several clinical factors, including a history of hospitalization, previous antibacterial medication, mechanical ventilation, and antibiotic resistance, in addition to underlying illnesses and aging itself.

The two viruses that cause bronchitis most frequently are influenza and the rhinovirus (which causes the common cold). Depending on the age group, a virus or bacteria may be the most frequent cause of pneumonia. The rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and human metapneumovirus are the most frequent causes of bronchiolitis. In recent years, lower respiratory tract infections and occasionally pneumonia have been linked to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

  • Symptoms:

All lower respiratory tract infections share the common symptoms of cough, fever, and shortness of breath. These symptoms might be minor to severe depending on the sickness, your age, and other health issues. Cough, muscular chest ache, weariness, and slight breathlessness are all signs of bronchitis. Cough due to bronchitis may be dry or produce mucous. The cough is the final symptom to go and typically lasts 1-3 weeks. The signs and symptoms of bronchitis can frequently be managed at home. But it can cause a serious sickness that necessitates hospitalization in someone who has a respiratory ailment like asthma or COPD. Severe sickness is more likely in older people, those with weakened immune systems, and those who smoke.

Fever, cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain are all signs of pneumonia. The symptoms of viral pneumonia are often mild to moderate, and the cough is drier (without mucus). The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia, which include fever and a cough that produces mucus, are more likely to be severe. While bacterial pneumonia worsens without antibiotic treatment, viral pneumonia typically resolves on its own. In the first two to three days of bronchiolitis, a common cold frequently precedes it. Nasal congestion, a runny nose, a cough, and occasionally a fever are among the symptoms. The disease will be at its most severe on days 3 to 5. Children may begin breathing more quickly than usual at this stage, using their neck and rib muscles to breathe, and having difficulty eating and playing.

Home Remedies for Lungs Infection:

Here are some of the best home remedies for Respiratory Tract infections are:

  1. Ginger: With its anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties, ginger works effectively on respiratory infections.
  2. Honey: If the kids have been infected by this infection honey is the best treatment for them. Honey’s antibacterial properties and sweet taste make it an ideal treatment for kids.
  3. Steams: Steam is really helpful in the lungs and respiratory infections. Adding camphor to the warm water helps in melting the mucus membrane to make relief and openness to the passage of the respiratory system.
  4. Essential oils: Eucalyptus and rosemary are effective remedies for this infection. Sniffing or inhaling the aroma of its oils offers a little ease from the irritation.
  5. Salt Water: For attaining great relief from throat and nose irritation, salt water is the most famous remedy. Doctors suggest that one can add this process into their daily routine too. Adding a decent amount of salt to lukewarm water can help the respiratory tract be mucus free and thus gives a wider opening for inhaling a decent amount of oxygen.


Respiratory Tract Infection is a really irritating viral infection and after the pandemic, the population understands how much critical it can become. With the proper lifestyle and adding nutritional food and exercise helps as powerful prevention.

In this article, you will get to know a little deep about lung infection, its symptoms, causes, and dominating remedies with proven results. Still, it is advisory that if you feel more exhausted and panicking then consulting a doctor is the best measure.

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